One night, all of the animals at Mr. Jones’ Manor Farm gather in a barn to listen to old Major, a pig, describe a dream he had about a world in which all animals live free from the tyranny of their human masters. Major’s dream was about a world where all animals live free from the tyranny of their human masters. Old Major passes away not long after the meeting, but the animals, motivated by his concept of Animalism, begin to plot their overthrow of Jones. Snowball and Napoleon, both pigs, end up proving to be crucial figures and planners in this risky business. The uprising happens as a result of Jones’s forgetfulness to feed the animals, and as a result, Jones and his soldiers are driven off the farm. The farm that was formerly known as Manor Farm is now known as Animal Farm, and the Seven Commandments of Animalism have been painted on the wall of the barn.
At first, the uprising is successful. The animals successfully harvest the crops and have weekly meetings on Sundays to discuss the direction the farm should take. As a result of their superior intelligence, the pigs are promoted to the position of farm supervisors. However, Napoleon turns out to be a power-hungry leader who steals milk from the cows and a bunch of apples so that he and the other pigs will have enough to eat. In addition to this, he recruits the assistance of Squealer, a pig who has the capacity to convince the other animals that the pigs’ choices are always moral and appropriate.
In the later part of that autumn, Jones and his men make their way back to Animal Farm in an effort to reclaim the farm. During what would later be referred to as “The Battle of the Cowshed,” Snowball’s strategies helped the animals achieve victory over Jones. Mollie, a conceited horse who is solely concerned with ribbons and sweets, gets enticed away from the farm by a different person as winter approaches. Snowball starts sketching out plans for a windmill, which will provide electricity and therefore give the animals more leisure time. However, Napoleon is adamantly opposed to such a plan on the grounds that constructing the windmill will allow them less time for producing food. Snowball continues to work on the windmill despite Napoleon’s adamant opposition. On the Sunday when the pigs present the windmill to the other animals for a vote, Napoleon calls forth a troop of vicious hounds, which drive Snowball away from the farm for good. Napoleon makes the announcement that there will be no more disputes. He also tells them that the windmill will be constructed after all, and he lies and says that the concept was his, but Snowball stole it from him. For the remainder of the story, Napoleon makes Snowball the scapegoat for all of the animals’ predicaments, and he blames them all on Snowball.
The construction of the windmill will take up a significant portion of the following year. Boxer, a horse known for his incredible strength, demonstrates that he is the most useful animal for accomplishing this task. Jones, on the other hand, sells the farm and relocates to a different region of the county. In direct violation of the tenets of Animalism, Napoleon retains the services of a solicitor and initiates commercial transactions with the farms located in the surrounding area. When a storm knocks over the windmill that’s only halfway done, Napoleon, as expected, places the blame on Snowball and orders the animals to start putting it back up again.
The desire for power that Napoleon has grows to the point that he becomes a totalitarian dictator. He coerces “confessions” out of innocent animals and then orders the dogs to murder them in front of the entire farm. He and the pigs go into the house belonging to Jones and start sleeping in beds there (which Squealer excuses with his brand of twisted logic). The pigs are becoming fatter while the animals are getting less and less food to eat. In August, after the windmill was finally finished being constructed, Napoleon made a sale of a pile of lumber to Jones; Frederick, a neighbouring farmer. Jones; Frederick paid for the timber with counterfeit banknotes. Frederick and his men launch an assault on the property and blow up the windmill, but they are ultimately unsuccessful. The following amendments have been made to the Seven Commandments of Animalism as a direct result of the pigs’ continued disregard for these guidelines: For instance, the commandment that states “No animals shall consume alcohol” was modified such that it now reads “No animal shall drink alcohol to excess.” This occurred after a night in which some pigs became intoxicated.
Once more, Boxer offers his muscle to assist with the construction of a new windmill; but, when he collapses from exhaustion, Napoleon sells the loyal horse to a knacker (a glue-boiler). Squealer tells the enraged animals that Boxer was actually taken to a veterinarian and passed away calmly in a hospital, and the animals accept this story because they had heard it from Squealer.
After a number of years have passed, Napoleon buys two fields from Pilkington, another nearby farmer, resulting in Animal Farm’s expansion beyond its original borders. All of the animals have a difficult existence, with the exception of the pigs. After enough time has passed, the pigs begin to walk on their hind legs and take on many of the characteristics of their former human masters. One single law can be derived from the Seven Commandments: “All Animals Are Equal, But Some Are More Equal Than Others.” The story comes to a close with Pilkington partaking in alcoholic beverages with Jones’s pigs in Jones’s home. In the middle of a card game in which both players are attempting to play the ace of spades, Napoleon and Pilkington get into an argument over the name of the farm, which he later changes to Manor Farm. When other animals observe the sight from outside the window, they are unable to differentiate between the people and the pigs.