In the beginning of “The Scarlet Letter,” there is a lengthy prelude that explains how the novel came to be written. The narrator, who shall remain unidentified, worked as a surveyor at the customhouse in Salem, Massachusetts. In the attic of the customs house, he found a number of documents, one of which was a manuscript that had been folded up and tied with a scarlet piece of cloth with gold embroidery in the shape of the letter “A.” The events described in the text, which was the labour of a previous surveyor, took place approximately two hundred years before the time of the narrator. The narrator made the decision to compose a fictional narrative of the events that were described in the book after he was fired from his position as a customs officer. The finished product is known as The Scarlet Letter.
The events of the novel start in Boston, which was a Puritan settlement back in the seventeenth century. Hester Prynne, a young lady, is taken out of the town prison while holding her infant daughter, Pearl, and wearing a scarlet letter “A” on her breast. Pearl is the daughter of Hester Prynne. An elderly spectator is told by a man in the crowd that Hester is suffering the consequences of her adulterous behaviour. Her husband, a learned man who is much older than she is, had her travel to the United States ahead of him, but he never made it to Boston. The overwhelming majority of people believe that he is currently missing at sea. It would appear that Hester has been unfaithful to her husband because she has given birth to a child while they are still waiting for him. However, she will not reveal the identify of her lover, and as a result, she will be publicly shamed and given a scarlet letter as a form of punishment for her wrongdoing and her secrecy. Hester is taken to the town scaffold on this day and questioned by the town fathers, but she continues to deny that the father of her child is any of the men in the town.
The elderly bystander is actually Hester’s long-lost husband, who has since gone into medicine and is now going by the name Roger Chillingworth. He makes his home in Boston with the goal of exacting revenge. He confides in no one else but Hester, to whom he has made an oath to keep his true identity a secret. A number of years have passed. Pearl develops into a headstrong and mischievous youngster as her mother Hester works as a seamstress to make a living. They have been rejected by the neighbourhood, so they make their home in a humble cottage on the outskirts of Boston. Officials from the town make an effort to separate Hester and her daughter Pearl, but with the assistance of Arthur Dimmesdale, a young and articulate pastor, Hester and her daughter are able to remain together. Dimmesdale, on the other hand, seems to be wasting away and suffers from unexplained heart trouble, which appears to be caused by psychological strain. Chillingworth becomes close with the sick minister and ultimately moves in with him so that he may offer his patient with care around the clock. This allows Chillingworth to better treat his patient. Chillingworth is also suspicious that there may be a connection between the minister’s torments and Hester’s secret. As a result, he begins to test Dimmesdale to see what information he can glean from the situation. During the course of one afternoon, while the minister is sleeping, Chillingworth discovers a mark on the man’s breast (the specifics of which are concealed from the reader). This mark provides Chillingworth with the evidence he needs to confirm his suspicions.
The psychological torment that Dimmesdale is going through gets worse, and he comes up with new ways to torment himself. In the interim, Hester has been spared the derision of the community as a result of the altruistic acts she has performed and the peaceful humility she has maintained. Pearl is about seven years old when she and her mother are walking home late one night after visiting a patient who is on his deathbed. Along the way, they come across Dimmesdale perched atop the town scaffold, where he is attempting to execute himself as penance for his wrongdoings. He is then joined by Hester and Pearl, and the three of them join hands. Pearl asks Dimmesdale to publicly declare their relationship the next day, but he declines her request. That night, a meteor forms the letter “A” in the sky in a dull red colour. Hester is able to observe that the minister’s condition is deteriorating, and she makes up her mind to assist him. She goes to Chillingworth and asks him to quit contributing to Dimmesdale’s mental anguish by making him feel worse about himself. Chillingworth is unmoved by this.
Hester sets up a meeting with Dimmesdale in the woods because she is aware that Chillingworth has most likely inferred that she intends to divulge his identify to Dimmesdale. She does this because she wants to avoid Chillingworth’s suspicions. The exes make the decision to run away together to Europe so that they can start a new life together with Pearl. They are going to take a ship that departs from Boston in four days’ time. Both of them experience a sense of relief, as Hester takes off the scarlet letter she wore and lets her hair down. Pearl, who is nearby and playing, is unable to identify her mother without the letter. The citizens of the town get together for a holiday the day before the ship is scheduled to depart, and during the celebration, Dimmesdale delivers the most powerful sermon he has ever given. Hester, on the other hand, has discovered that Chillingworth is aware of their scheme and has made reservations on the same ship. When Dimmesdale is finishing his lecture and exiting the church, he finds Hester and Pearl standing in front of the town scaffold. He climbs the scaffold in a fit of impulsiveness with his lover and his daughter, and he confesses his crime in front of everyone, baring a scarlet letter that has been burned into the flesh of his chest. As Pearl kisses him, he suddenly collapses and dies.
Chillingworth passes away a year later, having failed to achieve his vengeance. Hester and Pearl are last seen leaving Boston, and after that, no one is sure what becomes of them. After a considerable amount of time has passed, Hester comes back to her old cottage all by herself, still donning the scarlet letter, in order to resume her volunteer work. Pearl, who has since married a European aristocrat and begun her own family, still writes to her from time to time and sends her infrequent updates. Hester is laid to rest next to Dimmesdale after she passes away. Both of their names are engraved in crimson on the same tombstone, which is shared between them.